New National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) is released by Modi Government in 29 july 2020. This policy made a drastic change in School Education as well as Higher Education for colleges, Universities and other higher level institutions. Here in this article you can get New Education Policy 2020 Highlights (NEP 2020).
New Education Policy 2020 Highlights (NEP 2020):
New Education Policy 2020 replaced the existing NEP, 1986. India’s first National policy on education was established in 1968 by Kothari commission. After that the National education policy 1968 was reformed again by 1986 Policy and was revised in 1992 during Prime minister P.V Narasimha Rao. The NEP 2020 is the third education policy of India which is released under Narendra Modi Government.
National Education Policy 2020 for School Education:
The NPE 2020 tries to make Board exams more easier than before, focusing on only essential curriculum avoiding experimental materials.
Main Highlights of NEP 2020 On School Education:
The NPE 2020 replaced the old 10+2 structure of school education by a new “5+3+3+4” curricular structure. The school education will start from the age of 3 years now, giving emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education. In this new system the children join 3 years of Anganwadi/ pre school course and after that complete 12 years in school.
In NPE 2020 School Education has 4 stages these are
Pre- school stage –
This stage will cover 3 years of pre school/Anganwadi education. Then primary classes 1 and 2 with giving priority in activity based learning. The age group in fundamental stage is in between 3 to 8 years.
Age group between 8 to 11 i.e Preparatory Stage –
In preparatory stage children will cover classes 3 to 5 . In the preparatory stage the subjects like science, mathematics, language and art will be introduced.
Experimental stage –
Middle stage allow children to cover classes 6 to 8 , between the age group of 11 to 14 years.
Last stage of school education/Secondary stage –
The NPE 2020 brings the +2 classes to school education. So the children has to complete classes 9 to 12 in school with in the age group of 14 to 18 years. The children will cover multi disciplinary subjects in these 4 years of study.
5. It is new to introduce coding from class 6 as an experiment.
6. MDM (Mid day Meal ) will include breakfast considering student’s health.
Board Exams In School Education:
The children will have to face 3 levels of Board Exams during classes 3, 5 and 8. Board exam will be conducted twice every year, one final exam followed by a improvement exam.
According to the National Education Policy 2020 a new national examination center PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be established for holistic development of children.
MEDIUM of Instruction:
The New Education policy 2020 focuses on mother tongue as a medium of instruction until at least class 5 . It may also extend till class 8 and more wherever possible. No language will forcefully given to the students. New NPE 2020 also give emphasis on Foreign languages along with Sanskrit .
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New Education Policy 2020 for Higher Education :
The new education policy 2020 suggests a multi-disciplinary undergraduate courses having many exit options. A new National Testing Agency will be carried out a common entrance test twice in a year. Professional and vocational areas are also come under this system and will be carried out as follows;
- EXIT after completing 1 year of Under graduate course – A certificate course
- after completing 2 years under graduate course- A Diploma certificate
- EXIT after completing 3 years course- A Bachelor’s degree
- after completing 4 years course- A Bachelors degree with a option to enter directly to research field.
- Post Graduate or Master’s degree course will continue as they continue.
- M. phil courses will not continue from now.
- The status of deemed university comes to an end.
- Top 10 universities will be facilitated.
For more details about New Education Policy 202o pdf
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